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2015年职称英语考试综合类练习题

单项选择题

1、Can you do the task alone, or do you want anyone to assist you?
A.aim
B.help
C.show
D.guide


2、根据以下材料,完成题。
Home Schooling
All children in the United States have to receive an education, but the law does not say they have to be educated at school. A number of parents prefer not to send their children to school.
_________ (46) There are about 300,000 home-schoolers in the United States today. Some parents prefer teaching their children at home because they do not believe that public schools teach the correct religious values; others believe they can provide a better educational experience for their children by teaching them at home. _________ (47)
David Guterson and his wife teach their three children at home. Guterson says that his children learn very differently from children in school. _________ (48) For example, when there isheavy snowfall on a winter day, it may start a discussion or reading about climate, snow removal(去除) equipment, Alaska, polar bears (北极熊), and winter tourism. A spring evening when the family is out watching the stars is a good time to ask questions about satellites and the space program. _________ ( 49 )
Home schooling is often more interesting than regular schools, but critics say that borne schoolers are outsiders who might be uncomfortable mixing with other people in adult life.
_________ (50) However, most parents don't have the time or the desire to teach their children at home, so schools will continue to be where most children get their formal education.
请在第__(46)__处填上正确答案。
A.Interestingly, results show that home-schooled children quite often do better than average  on national tests in reading and math.
B.Critics also say that most parents are not well qualified to teach their children.
C.Learning starts with the children'st nterests and questions.
D.Children who are educated at home are known as "home-schoolers. "
E.In some countries, however, children are educated by their parents.
F.If the Brazilian rain forests are on the TV news, it could be a perfect time to talk about how rain forests influence the climate, and how deserts are formed.


3、 She was one of the leading writers in her age.
A.successful
B.maior
C.outstanding
D.musical 

4、根据以下材料,回答题。
Electronic Mail
During the past few years,scientists all over the world have suddenly found themselves productively engaged in task they once spent their lives hvoiding--writing,any kind of writing,but particularly letter writing.Encouraged by electronic mail’s surprisingly high speed,convenience and economy,people who never before touched the stuff are regularly,skillfully,even cheerfullv tapping out a great deal of correspondence.
Electronic networks,woven into the fabric of scientific communication these davs. are the route to colleagues in distant countries,shared data,bulletin boards and electronic Joumals.Anyone with a personal computer, a modern and the software to link computers over teleDhone lines can sign on•An estimated five million scientists have done SO with more joining every day,most of them communicating through a bundle of interconnected domestic and foreign routes known collectively as the Internet,or net.
E-mail is starting to edge out the fax,the telephone,overnight mail,and of course.1and mail. It shrinks time and distance between scientific collaborators,in part because it is conveniently asynchronous(异步的)(Writers can type while their colleagues acmss time zones sleep;their message will be waiting.).If it is not yet speeding discoveries,it is certainly accelerating communication.
Jeremy Bernstein,the physicist and science writer,once called E-mail the Dhysicist,s umbilical cord(脐带).Later other people,t00,have been discovering its connective virtues.Physicists are using it;college students are using it;everybody is using it;and as a sign that it has come of age,the New Yorker has celebrated its liberating presence with a cartoon—an appreciative dog seated at a keyboard,saying happily,“on the Internet,nobody knows you’re a dog.”
The reasons given below about the popularity of E—mail can be found in the passage except
A.direct and reliable
B.time—saving in delivery
C.money-saving
D.available at any time


5、I catch a cold now and then.
A.always
B.occasionally
C.constantly
D.regularly


6、The child'S abnormal behavior puzzled the doctor.
A.funnv
B.frightening
C.repeated
D.unusual


7、阅读材料,回答题。

 Home Schooling
All children in the United States have to receive an education, but the law does not say they have to be educated at school. A number of parents prefer not to send their children to school,46There are about 300,000 home-schoolers in the United States today. Some parents prefer teaching their children at home because they do not believe that public schools teach the correct religious values; others believe they can provide a better educational experience for their children by teaching them at home.47David Guterson and his wife teach their three children at home. Guterson says that his children learn very differently from children in school.48For example, when there is heavy snowfall on a winter day, it maystart a discussion or reading about climate, snow removal ( 去除) equipment, Alaska, polai bears (北极熊) ,and winter tourism.A spring evening when the family is out watching the stars is a good time to ask questions about satellites and the space program49
Home schooling is often more interesting than regular schools, but critics say that home-schooled are outsiders who might be uncomfortable mixing with other people in adult life.50However, most parents don't have the time or the desire to teach their children at home, so schools will continue to be where most children get their formal education.
请在第__(46)__处填上正确答案。
A.Interestingly, results show that home-schooled children quite often do better than average on national tests in reading and math.
B.Critics also say that most parents are not well qualified to teach their children.
C.Learning starts with the children's interests and questions.
D.Children who are educated at home are known as "home-schoolers."
E.In some countries, however, children are educated by their parents.
F.If the Brazilian rain forests are on the TV news.it could be a perfect time to talk about how rain forests
influence the climate, and how deserts are formed.


8、 The accommodation was cheap, but the food was very expensive.
A.high
B.costly
C.dear
D.overpaid


9、阅读材料,回答题。

The Worker's Role in Management
Traditionally, it has been the worker's role to work and management's role to manage. Managers have planned and directed the firm's operations with little thought of consulting the labor force. Managers have rarely felt compelled( 被迫的) to obtain the worker's opinions or to explain their decisions to their employees.
At most, companies have provided "suggestion boxes" in which workers could place ideas for improving procedures. In recent years, however, many management specialists have been arguing that workers are more than sellers of labor--they have a vital stake in the company and may be able to make significant contributions
to its management. Furthermore, major company decisions profoundly affect workers and their dependents.
This is particularly true of plant closings, which may put thousands on the unemployment lines. Should workers, then, play a stronger role in management?
 Workers should have a role in management. At the very least, the labor force should be informed of major policy decisions. (A common complaint among rank-and-file workers is the lack of information about company policies and actions.) Between 1980 and 1985 about five million workers were the victims of plant closings and permanent layoffs( 失业), often with no warning. At least 90 day's notice ought to be given in such instances so that workers have time to adjust. Management should consult workers before closing a plant,because the workers might be able to suggest ways of improving productivity and reducing costs and might be willing to make concessions that will help keep the plant operating.
 It should become a general practice to include workers in some managerial decision making. There ought to be representatives of the workers on the firm's board of directors or other major policymaking groups. If rank-and-file workers are given a voice in the planning and management of the work flow, they will help to make improvement, their morale will rise, and their productivity will increase. As a further incentive, they must be given a share in the company's profits. This can be done through employee stock ownership plans, bonuses,or rewards for efficiency and productivity. Finally, when a plant can no longer operate at a profit, the workers
should be given the opportunity to purchase the plant and run it themselves.
It can be interred from Paragraph 1 that managers__________.
A.were not qualified
B.seldom obtained workers' opinions
C.disliked "suggestion boxes"
D.never consulted the labor force


10、His professional career spanned 16 years.
A.started
B.changed
C.moved
D.lasted

 

 

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